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       Week 21

Mon  Prov. 22-26

Tue  Prov. 27-31

Wed  Eccl. 1-6

Thu  Eccl. 7-12

Fri  1 Kings 12:1-14:20; 2 Chron. 10:1-11:4

 

 

Look for:

·   Where there is no talebearer, the strife ceases

·   A fool utters all his mind

·   Two are better than one

·   The whole duty of man

·   I will chastise you with scorpions

 

 

Short Readings:

Prov. 25-26

Prov. 28-29

Eccl. 1-5

Eccl. 12

1 Kings 12-13

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

1 Jn. 2

1 Jn. 3

1 Jn. 4

1 Jn. 5

2 Jn. 1

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Proverbs – A Reader’s Guide

A proverb is generally understood to be a “short pithy saying of general application.”  However, Hebrew proverbs (mashal) have a broader meaning and can include a likeness, comparison, symbolic statement or parable.  The book of Proverbs does not contain specific laws or rules, nor does it appeal to the Law of Moses or the institutions of the Old Covenant; but instead Proverbs appeals to good judgment and wisdom.  The book gives teachings of general application.  The book’s purpose is spelled out in Prov. 1:2-6, and is designed to give Israel a handbook on wisdom.

Organization

The book of Proverbs is arranged into several collections of wise sayings that may be organized as follows:

1.  Proverbs of Solomon – Exhortations to the young on the virtues of wisdom (1-9)

2.  Proverbs of Solomon – Wisdom in the various pursuits of life (10:1-22:16)

3.  Words of the wise – Wise sayings from many wise men; things to avoid (22:17-24:34)

4.  Proverbs of Solomon collected by Hezekiah’s men (25:1-29:27)

5.  Words of Agur the Son of Jekeh (30)

6.  Words of King Lemuel (31:1-9)

7.  Praise of a virtuous woman; an acrostic poem in which each verse begins with a successive letter of the Hebrew alphabet (31:10-31)

Author and Date

Solomon is the primary author of Proverbs (1:1).  Since the title of one section indicates “the proverbs of Solomon which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied” (25:1), the book obviously did not receive its current form until the reign of Hezekiah around 700 B.C.  There are around 375 proverbs in the book, which is clearly not all the proverbs of Solomon, since Scripture states that Solomon wrote 3,000 proverbs (1 Kings 4:32).  It is not known who wrote the proverbs found in Chapters 22:17-24:34, however it is likely that Solomon also compiled these proverbs.  Chapters 30-31 are attributed to Agur and King Lemuel, of whom we have no further information.

Key Passage

Wisdom for living in response to the fear (reverence) of the Lord is the key principle of the book.  Key passages are “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge” (1:7), “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom” (9:10), and “a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised” (31:30).

Pointing To Christ

There are no prophecies or references to the Christ in Proverbs.  However, the wisdom advocated by the book is embodied in Christ who is “who became to us wisdom from God” (1 Cor. 1:30), and “in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge” (Col. 2:3).

It is apparent that Jesus was very familiar with Proverbs, for his teaching echoes its words:  Those who seek the chief seats (Mt. 23:6; see Prov. 25:6-7); The houses of the wise and the foolish (Mt. 7:24-27; see Prov. 14:11); The rich fool (Lk. 12:16-21; see Prov. 27:1); he reveals the answer of who ascended and descended from heaven (Jn. 3:13; see Prov. 30:4).

Ecclesiastes – A Reader’s Guide

Called “The Preacher” by the Hebrews, Ecclesiastes is one of the most unusual books in the Old Testament.  Its apparent pessimism and fatalism seem out of step with the rest of the teaching of the Bible.

However it may be best to approach Ecclesiastes as an apologetic work.  Solomon addresses the world, meeting those without God on their own ground, and convincing them of the inherent vanity (meaninglessness) in everything.  The book is, therefore, a criticism of worldliness and humanized religion, of a materialism that reduces all of life to worldly pursuits.

Though the book’s tone is negative, the author is not as a skeptic.  His statement that all is vanity is not a comment on life in general, but upon the point of view that treats the world as an end in itself.  Ultimately, Solomon concludes that there is a positive value.  But this is kept in the background because his immediate aim is to dispel all false and imagined hopes of the man without God.  His point is that when the world becomes an end in itself and the accomplishments of this life are the entire meaning of life, then everything turns to vanity, or emptiness.

Organization

Ecclesiastes is the most deeply philosophical book in Scripture, and portrays a life full of experimentation and experience.  It is the story of a frustrated man who wanders far from the divine wisdom in search of happiness.  However, it clearly suggests that Solomon returns to the Lord in his reflective years late in life.  Ecclesiastes may be organized as follows:

1.  Introduction and theme:  “vanity of vanities, all is vanity” (1:1-2)

2.  Vanity of the endless cycles of life, work, and death (1:3-11)

3.  Seeking contentment in wisdom (1:12-18)

4.  Seeking contentment in accomplishment and wealth (2:1-26)

5.  Seeking contentment in prominence, power and prestige (3:1-5:20)

6.  Seeking contentment in pleasure (6:1-8:17)

7.  Discovery that genuine happiness is not in wisdom, wealth, prominence, or pleasure, but through devotion to duty, and preparation for the life to come (9:1-12:7)

8.  Conclusion:  reverence and obey God (12:8-14)

Author and Date

The author calls himself “the preacher” throughout the book.  He states that he is the son of David, and king in Jerusalem (1:1).  The book further shows that the writer is wise and wealthy, has many wives, and engages in numerous public works.  This fits the profile of Solomon in Scripture.

It is often thought that Solomon composed the Song of Songs early in his life; penned Proverbs in the middle of his life; and wrote Ecclesiastes late in life.  This would place the book around 935 B.C.

Key Passage

“Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man” (Eccl. 12:13).

Key terms in the book are:  under the sun (29 times); God (42 times); vanity (33 times); wisdom (28 times); evil (21 times); vexation of the spirit (9 times); Solomon communed with his own heart (7 times).

Pointing To Christ

Ecclesiastes is nowhere quoted in the Old Testament or the New Testament.  There are no prophesies or specific foreshadowing of the Christ.  The strategy of Ecclesiastes is to place in contrast two very different views of life.  Life is viewed as the natural man who lives without reference to divine revelation – and is shown to be empty and vain.  This is contrasted with life viewed from the perspective of a believer – shown to be life of meaning and purpose.

 

       Week 20

Mon  Song of Solomon 1-8

Tue  Ps. 127; Prov. 1-5

Wed  Prov. 6-10

Thu  Prov. 11-15

Fri  Prov. 16-21

 

 

Look for:

·   I am a rose of Sharon, a lily of the valleys

·   Fools despise wisdom and instruction

·   Whoever finds me finds life

·   The fear of the Lord

·   The victory belongs to the Lord

 

 

Short Readings:

Song of Solomon 1-2

Prov. 1-3

Prov. 8-9

Prov. 13-14

Prov. 20-21

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Jn. 17

Jn. 18

Jn. 19

Jn. 20

1 Jn. 1

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Song of Solomon – A Reader’s Guide

The Hebrew title “Song of Songs” from the book’s opening words (1:1), indicates the “best of songs.”  Similar phrases are used in Scripture to refer to the superlative, such as “Holy of Holies,” “King of Kings,” “Lord of Lords.”

The Song this is one of the most unusual books in Scripture.  Its emphasis on love and physical beauty has perplexed and embarrassed interpreters over the years.  As a result, both Jewish and Christian writers have suggested an allegorical meaning to the book:  picturing love between God and Israel (Jewish interpretations), or picturing love between Christ and the church (Christian interpretations).  However the words of the Song do not suggest an allegory and such views lead to very subjective interpretations.  The Song may best be understood as a Biblical view of marital devotion.

Organization

The book is a series of love poems that praise the devotion between a maiden and her beloved.  The greater purpose of the Song is to describe and put God’s approval on fidelity and romantic love between a man and woman.  It encourages exclusive, absorbing and unquenchable love, and endorses physical love as being a part of a legitimate relationship between a husband and wife.

The Song of Solomon is not easily outlined.  The Song consists entirely of poetic dialogue and the writer seldom identifies the speakers, so it can be difficult to determine exactly who is speaking in a passage.  The book may be organized as follows:

  1. The maiden longs for and praises her beloved (1:1-2:7)
  2. The bride praises her husband (2:8-3:5)
  3. The husband praises his bride (3:6-5:1)
  4. The husband and bride are separated, and she longs for his return (5:2-6:9)
  5. The two are reunited, and the beauty of the bride is extolled (6:10-8:4)
  6. Affirmation of the strength of true love (8:5-14)

Author and Date

According to the first verse, the book is written by Solomon.  The Song of Solomon, Psalms 72, and 127 are the only remaining of the 1,005 songs written by Solomon (1 Kings 4:32).  This Song is probably written in the golden age of Solomon’s reign, around 965 B.C.

Key Passage

A key passage is “I am my beloved’s, and my beloved is mine” (6:3), and is also mirrored in “My beloved is mine, and I am his” (2:16).  Key terms are “beloved” (30 times), “love” (26 times), “fair” (11 times), “daughters of Jerusalem” (10 times).  Characteristic of its rural setting, the Song refers to 21 different kinds of plants, and 15 different kinds of animals.  The Song of Solomon (like the book of Esther) does not mention God.

Pointing To Christ

There are no prophecies in the Song or explicit foreshadowing of the Christ.  The New Testament indicates that the love between a husband and wife pictures the relationship between Christ and his church (Eph. 5:28-33).  “I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys” (2:1) are two terms which are used in gospel songs to refer to Christ.

 

       Week 19

Mon  1 Kings 2:13-4:34; 2 Chron. 1:1-13; Ps. 72, 45

Tue  1 Kings 5-6; 2 Chron. 2:1-5:1

Wed  1 Kings 7:13-8:66

Thu  1 Kings 7:1-12; 2 Chron. 5:2-8:18; Ps. 135-136

Fri  2 Chron. 1:14-17; 9:1-31; 1 Kings 9-11

 

Look for:

·   I am but a little child

·   He was seven years in building it

·   The Lord has fulfilled his promise

·   If you turn aside and forsake my statutes

·   But I did not believe the reports

 

Short Readings:

1 Kings 3

1 Kings 6

1 Kings 8:1-21

2 Chron. 7

2 Chron. 9

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Jn. 12

Jn. 13

Jn. 14

Jn. 15

Jn. 16

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

1 Kings – A Reader’s Guide

First and Second Kings are the sequel to the books of Samuel.  Kings tells the history of the kingdom of Israel from the last days of David until the kingdom collapses into the Babylonian exile.  Like the books of Samuel, Kings was originally one book in the Hebrew Bible, and was named Kings because of the first word of the book in Hebrew.

Organization

First Kings begins with the account of David’s last days and ends shortly after the death of King Ahab.  First kings may be organized as follows:

1.  The kingdom under Solomon (1 Kings 1-11)

  • Adonija attempts to take the throne (1:1-10)
  • Solomon is anointed king (1:11-53)
  • Death of David (2:1-12)
  • Solomon secures the throne and takes vengeance upon Joab and Shimei (2:13-46)
  • God grants Solomon wisdom (3)
  • Solomon skillfully administers the Kingdom (4)
  • Builds the temple of God (5-7)
  • Pledges the nation to faithfulness to God (8)
  • Solomon’s wealth, wisdom and glory (9-10)
  • Solomon’s falling away and rejection by God (11:1-40)
  • Solomon’s death (11:41-43)

2.  The divided kingdom (12-19)

  • Rehoboam foolishly causes the 10 Northern tribes to rebel (12:1-24)
  • Jeroboam becomes king over Israel, the Northern Kingdom, and leads Israel into deep and permanent apostasy (12:25-14:20)
  • Rehoboam leads Judah, the Southern Kingdom, away from God (14:21-31)
  • Wars between Israel and Judah, and a succession of kings (15-16:28)
  • Reign of Ahab in Israel (16:29-22:53)

Author and Date

No author is given for the books of Kings.  It is likely that prophets wrote Kings, and Jeremiah is the final writer and compiler.  The books were completed shortly after the fall of Jerusalem in 586 B.C.  The events in the two books span about 400 years.

Key Passage

“Now if you walk before Me as your father David walked, in integrity of heart and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded you, and if you keep My statutes and My judgments, then I will establish the throne of your kingdom over Israel forever, as I promised David your father, saying, ‘You shall not fail to have a man on the throne of Israel’” (1 Kings 9:4-5).

Pointing To Christ

There are no prophecies of the Messiah in 1 Kings.  However, Jesus compares himself with Solomon, stating “one greater than Solomon is here” (Mt. 12:42).  The book is important in tracing the history of God’s people and the descendants of David, the ancestor of the Christ.

 

       Week 18

Mon  Ps. 1, 10, 33, 66-67, 71, 92-95, 97-99

Tue  Ps. 100, 102, 104, 107, 111-117

Wed  Ps. 118-119

Thu  Ps. 120-121, 123, 125-126, 128-130, 132, 134, 146-150

Fri  1 Chron. 26-29; 2 Sam. 23:1-7; 1 Kings 2:1-12

 

 

Look for:

·   Like a tree

·   Bless the Lord, O my soul

·   Forever, O Lord, Your word is settled in heaven.

·   He heals the brokenhearted

·   He died in a good old age

 

 

Short Readings:

Ps. 1

Ps. 104

Ps. 119

Ps. 147

1 Kings 2:1-12

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Jn. 7

Jn. 8

Jn. 9

Jn. 10

Jn. 11

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Psalms – Pointing to Christ

Psalms is the longest book in the Old Testament, and is directly quoted 117 times in the New Testament, the most of any book.  Many of these are references to the Messiah, which New Testament writers show are fulfilled in Jesus.  Luke quotes Jesus saying “Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms” (Lk. 24:44).

Since the Psalms are songs (and prayers) voiced to God, a perplexing issue is raised.  How do words spoken by men to God, also serve as the Word from God to man?  The solution is that God is ultimately involved in the hearts and lives of the psalmists, resulting in the messages of the Psalms having the character of being the Word of God.  This is clearly shown when Peter quotes from Psalm 16 and 110, stating that David uttered these words as a prophet (Acts 2:30).

Linking Psalms to Christ

A number of psalms are specifically applied to Christ in the New Testament.

  • Ps. 2 – See Acts 4:25-28; 13:33; Heb. 1:5, 5:5
  • Ps. 16 – See Acts 2:24-31; 13:35-37
  • Ps. 22 – See Mt. 27:35-46; Jn. 19:23-25; Heb. 2:12
  • Ps. 45 – See Heb. 1:8-9
  • Ps. 89 – See Acts 2:30
  • Ps. 110 – See Mt. 22:42-46; Mk. 12:35-37; Acts 2:33-35; Heb. 1:3, 5:6-10, 6:20, 7:21; 10:12-13.

The way in which the Psalms are presented in the New Testament indicates that the Psalms as a whole are considered as foretelling of the Christ wherever it refers to David or the throne of David.  In this way Psalms points to a number of characteristics of the Christ:

  • Prophet – Ps. 22:22
  • Priest – Ps. 110:4
  • King – Ps. 2:6, 45:6
  • Sufferer – Ps. 22:1-18
  • Son of God – Ps. 2:7.

Prophecies and Fulfillment

A number of specific prophecies are made in Psalms which are fulfilled in Christ.  The following lists prophecies of the Christ in Psalms and the New Testament citation of their fulfillment:

  • Birth Ps. 2:7 – Fulfilled Heb. 1:7
  • Humiliation Ps. 8:4-6 – Fulfilled Heb. 2:6-9
  • Deity Ps. 45:6 – Fulfilled Heb. 1:8
  • Ministry Ps. 69:9 – Fulfilled Jn. 2:13-17; Rom. 15:3
  • Rejection Ps. 118:22 – Fulfilled Mt. 21:42; Mk. 1210-11; Lk. 20:17; Acts 4:11; Eph. 2:20-22; 1 Pet. 2:4-8
  • Betrayal Ps. 41:9 – Fulfilled Jn. 13:18, 26-27
  • Death Ps. 22 – Fulfilled Mt. 27:46; Mk. 15:34
  • Resurrection Ps. 2, 16 – Fulfilled Acts 2:27-31; 13:30-37
  • Ascension Ps. 68:18 – Fulfilled Acts 1:2-9; Eph. 4:8-10; 1 Pet. 3:22
  • Reign Ps. 102:25-27 – Fulfilled Heb. 1:10-12.
 

       Week 17

Mon  Ps. 25-29; 31; 35-40

Tue  Ps. 53, 58, 61-62, 64-65, 68-70, 86, 101

Wed  Ps. 103, 109-110, 122, 124, 131, 133, 138-141, 143-145

Thu  Ps. 42-44, 49, 84-85, 87-88, 50, 73, 75-77

Fri  Ps. 78, 80-83, 89

 

 

Look for:

·   Show me your ways, Lord

·   Save me, O God

·   Sit at my right hand

·   As the deer pants for water

·   Man ate the bread of the Angels

 

 

Short Readings:

Ps. 37-39

Ps. 68-70

Ps. 109-110

Ps. 42-43

Ps. 78

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Jn. 2

Jn. 3

Jn. 4

Jn. 5

Jn. 6

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Psalms – A Reader’s Guide

Psalms is the book of worship, devotion and prayer of ancient Israel.  In Israel, it comes to be used as a hymnal in the temple and later in the synagogue.  The early church used Psalms in public and private worship.  Psalms focuses on the believer’s life of faith, devotion, worship, prayer, and praise.

The Hebrew name of the book (Tehillim) means “praises” or “songs of praise.”  The book is a collection of poems designed for singing.  Individually, the psalms are not considered as “chapters,” but rather as individual “songs” in a book.

Organization

The Psalms are not arranged by theme or subject, so it is difficult to place them in outline form.  The book, however, is divided into five groups of songs, sometimes thought of as five distinct books.  Each group ends with a psalm of praise.  There is no certain information about when or who gave Psalms its current form.  Some believe the individual collections of psalms were compiled at distinct times in Israel’s history, focusing on the Temple of God built by Solomon in 959 B.C.  With this view, Psalms may be organized as follows:

Book 1  41 psalms, written and organized by David in anticipation of the construction of the Temple (Ps. 1-41)

Book 2  31 psalms, added during the spiritual revival during the reign of Hezekiah (700 B.C.) (Ps. 42-72)

Book 3  17 psalms, added during the reformation during the reign of Josiah (600 B.C.) (Ps. 73-89)

Book 4  17 psalms, added during the Temple reconstruction in the days of Zerubbabel following the Babylonian exile (Ps. 90-106)

Book 5  44 psalms, added during the spiritual revival in the days of Ezra (457 B.C.) (Ps. 107-150).

Author and Date

The headings or titles of individual psalms are often important to understand who composed the psalm, the occasion of the composition, and even musical notations about the tune or instrument intended to be used.  The titles are very ancient and were likely added by the Hebrew editors or compilers of Psalms.

According to the headings, at least 7 different writers composed Psalms:  Moses wrote one (Ps. 90); David, “the sweet psalmist of Israel” (2 Sam. 23:1) wrote 73 (primarily Books 1 & 2); Solomon wrote two (Ps. 72, 127); Levitical singers and musicians, Asaph wrote 12 (Ps. 50, 73-83), the sons of Korah wrote 11 (Ps. 42-49, 84, 85, 87), Heman wrote one (Ps. 88), Ethan wrote one (Ps. 89).  50 psalms are anonymous; however many were probably written by David.

Psalms is dated from around 1410 B.C., when Moses wrote Ps. 90, to around 1000 B.C. when David composed the majority of the Psalms, and extends to around 445 B.C., when Ps. 147 was likely written.

Key Passage

Being a collection of songs, there is no single key passage.  A key message of the book is summarized in Psalm 1, which may have been written to introduce the entire collection of songs.  This psalm contrasts the life of the righteous and the life of the wicked, and declares God will ultimately bless the righteous and destroy the wicked.

 

       Week 16

Mon  2 Sam. 13-16

Tue  2 Sam. 17-19; Ps. 3, 41, 55

Wed  2 Sam. 20-21, 23:8-24:25; 1 Chron. 20-21

Thu  1 Kings 1; 1 Chron. 22-25; Ps. 2, 4-6

Fri  Ps. 7-9, 11-14, 16-17, 19-22

 

Look for:

·   No blemish in him

·   Would I had died instead of you

·   Let us fall into the hand of the Lord

·   You shall not build a house to my name

·   The fool says in his heart

 

 

Short Readings:

2 Sam. 14:25-15:12

2 Sam. 18

2 Sam. 24

1 Chron. 22

Ps. 8, 14

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Rom. 13

Rom. 14

Rom. 15

Rom. 16

Jn. 1

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

1 Chronicles – A Reader’s Guide

1 and 2 Chronicles covers much of the same historical material as the books of Samuel and Kings.  Over half of the content of Chronicles is also found in other Old Testament books.  However there are important differences.  Kings tells of both the northern and southern kingdoms after Israel is divided; however Chronicles focuses almost entirely on Judah, the southern kingdom.  Kings focuses on the work of the prophets; Chronicles focuses on the worship in the temple and the priesthood.  Chronicles covers a longer period of time; from creation to the decree of Cyrus, permitting the Jews to return to Jerusalem.  Like Samuel and Kings, Chronicles was originally one book in the Hebrew Bible.  The Greek translators of the Septuagint divided Chronicles into two books at the transition between the reign of David and the reign of Solomon.

Organization

“Chronicles” means the “events of the days.”  The books are intended to show the Jews returning from Babylonian captivity their spiritual heritage, and to consider themselves as the continuation of the Kingdom of David.  The books are designed to emphasize a strong allegiance to the temple, priesthood, and covenant.  First Chronicles covers the period from the creation to the death of David.  Because the book traces the dynasty of David, and the Levitical priesthood, the genealogies are carefully documented.  The book may be organized as follows:

1.  Genealogies from Adam to David (1-9)

  • Adam to Noah (1:1-4)
  • Noah’s sons to Jacob and Esau (1:5-54)
  • Jacob’s son Judah to David (2:1-4:23)
  • Jacob’s sons other than Judah, focusing upon Levi (4:24-8:40)
  • The remnant in Jerusalem following the return from Babylon (9)

2.  David’s Reign (10-29)

  • Saul’s death (10)
  • David made king over all Israel and captures Jerusalem (11:1-9)
  • David’s mighty men (11:10-12:40)
  • Ark of the Covenant brought to Jerusalem (13-16)
  • God’s covenant with David (17)
  • David’s victories (18-20)
  • David makes an unauthorized census (21)
  • Preparations for building the Temple (22)
  • David organizes the Levites, priests, and other officials (23-27)
  • David’s farewell, Solomon is made king, and David’s death (28-29)

Author and Date

Although no author is given, Ezra, the priest and scribe who returned from Babylonian captivity is usually considered the writer and complier of Chronicles.  No doubt the old Temple records were used as a source for the genealogies in Chronicles.  Tracing God’s people from the creation to the proclamation of Cyrus in 536 B.C., the books promote religious revival among the returning exiles.  Chronicles was probably completed around 425-420 B.C.

Key Passage

“I will set him over my house and my kingdom forever; his throne will be established forever.” (1 Chron. 17:14)

 

       Week 15

Mon  2 Sam. 5-6; 1 Chron. 11:1-9; 12:23-15:29

Tue  1 Chron. 16; Ps. 24, 15, 96, 105, 106

Wed  2 Sam. 7-8; 1 Chron. 17-18; Ps. 30, 60, 108

Thu  1 Chron. 11:10-47; 2 Sam. 22; Ps. 18

Fri  1 Chron. 19; 2 Sam. 9-12; Ps. 51, 32

 

 

Look for:

·   They anointed David king over Israel

·   The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof[

·   I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever

·   The Lord is my rock

·   You are the man!

 

 

Short Readings:

1 Chron. 11

2 Sam. 6:1-19

2 Sam. 7

2 Sam. 11-12

2 Sam. 22

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Rom. 8

Rom. 9

Rom. 10

Rom. 11

Rom. 12

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

2 Samuel – A Reader’s Guide

The prophet Samuel, after whom the books of 1 and 2 Samuel are named, is now dead (1 Sam. 28:3).  2 Samuel tells of the reign of King David.  1 Samuel records the failures of King Saul; 2 Samuel records the successes of King David.  Key differences between Saul and David are how each react when his own sin is rebuked:  Saul responds by defiance, insolence and turning from God.  David responds by repentance, sorrow, and turning toward God.

Organization

The theme of 2 Samuel is God’s establishment of the house of David.  The book may be organized as follows:

1.  David’s early reign (2 Sam. 1-10)

  • David laments Saul and Johnathan’s deaths (1)
  • David anointed as king over Judah and increases in strength (2-4)
  • Reigns over all Israel, establishing national and religious unity (5-6)
  • God’s eternal covenant with the household of David (7)
  • David’s conquests and consolidation of power (8-10)

2.  David’s sin (2 Sam. 11-12)

  • David’s adultery with Bathsheba (11:1-13) and murder of Uriah (11:14-27)
  • Nathan confronts David’s sins, and David repents (12)

3.  David’s punishment; trouble in his house (2 Sam. 13-20)

  • Amnon and Absalom’s crimes (13-14)
  • Absalom leads a rebellion against David and is killed (15-18)
  • David returns to power in Jerusalem (19-20)

4.  David’s later reign (2 Sam. 21-24)

  • 3 years of famine and the Gibeonites are avenged (21:1-14)
  • Wars against the Philistines (21:15-22)
  • David’s song, last words, and his mighty men (22-23)
  • David’s census and its punishment (24)

Author and Date

See Week 14 for information regarding the authorship of 1 and 2 Samuel.  2 Samuel covers the time period from Saul’s death in 1010 B.C. to the time just before David’s death in 970 B.C.

Key Passage

Words from God to King David:  “Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.” (2 Sam. 7:16)

Pointing to Christ

1 and 2 Samuel contain three major prophecies of the coming Christ.  Hanna’s song speaks of exalting “the horn of his anointed” (1 Sam. 2:10) a reference to the Messiah.  An unnamed prophet predicts the removal of the Aaronic priesthood, and the rise of “a faithful priest” (1 Sam. 2:35), a likely reference to Christ.  Nathan prophesies that God will establish David’s house (2 Sam. 7:11-16) which is fulfilled in Jesus Christ (Lk. 1:31-33, 68-70; Acts 2:29-31; 15:12-18; Heb. 1:5).