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       Week 13

Mon  Ruth 1-4

Tue  1 Sam. 1:1-4:1

Wed  1 Sam. 4:1-8:22

Thu  1 Sam. 9-12

Fri  1 Sam. 13:1-16:13;
Ps. 23

 

 

Look for:

·   Your people will be my people

·   I will give him to the Lord for all the days of his life

·   Speak, for your servant is listening

·   Appoint a king to lead us

·   To obey is better than sacrifice

 

 

Short Readings:

Ruth 1-4

1 Sam. 1-3

1 Sam. 8

1 Sam. 9-10

1 Sam. 15

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Gal. 4

Gal. 5

Gal. 6

Rom. 1

Rom. 2

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Ruth – A Reader’s Guide

The book of Ruth is a beautiful tale of Naomi, a Hebrew widow and her daughter-in-law Ruth who also becomes widowed.  Ultimately, Ruth marries a near-kinsman, Boaz, under the law regarding childless widows (Deut. 25:5-10) and becomes the great-grandmother of King David, and an ancestor of Jesus.

Organization

The book of Ruth is named for the Moabite woman who is the central figure of the book.  The book covers about 12 years, and connects the history of David with the earlier period of the judges in Israel.  Ruth’s story of peaceful and pastoral simplicity forms a contrast with the disorder and chaos of Judges.  The book may be easily organized into two parts:

1.  Ruth’s love and loyalty to her mother-in-law Naomi (Ruth 1-2)

  • A Hebrew family migrates to Moab, and tragedy leaves Naomi, and two Moabite daughters-in-law alone (1:1-5)
  • Naomi decides to return home to Bethlehem (1:6-14)
  • Ruth determines to go with her (1:15-22)
  • In Bethlehem, Ruth and Boaz meet during the grain harvest (2:1-23)

2.  Ruth’s love and loyalty is rewarded by a family and a legacy (Ruth 3-4)

  • Boaz desires to marry Ruth (3:1-18)
  • Since Boaz is not the closest relative to Ruth’s dead husband, he fulfills certain legal duties (4:1-12)
  • Boaz and Ruth marry and are part of the ancestry of David (4:13-22)

Author and Date

The writer of Ruth is unknown.  The fourth chapter traces Ruth’s descendants to David, so the book was not written before king David’s time.  Ruth is likely written around 1000 B.C.

Key Passage

“Don’t urge me to leave you or to turn back from you.  Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay.  Your people will be my people and your God my God” (Ruth 1:16).

Pointing to Christ

Although Ruth does not contain prophecies of the Christ, it documents an important link in the genealogy of Jesus the Christ.  Matthew mentions Ruth in listing the genealogy of Jesus (Mt. 1:5).

A King in Israel

Judges seems to lay out the argument for a king in Israel, and 1 Samuel shows how a king was established.  Judges repeatedly states that Israel had no king, and everyone followed his own plans (see Jud. 8:22-23; 17:6; 18:1; 19:1; 21:25).  Judges also records Israel’s desire to make Gideon king (Jud. 8:22-23), and the conspiracy and disastrous reign of Abimelech (Jud. 9).  Ultimately God wants a king to rule Israel.  However, the people want a king for the wrong reasons – to be like other nations, and to be what they want in a king (1 Sam. 8:5, 20).  God’s reluctance about Saul (1 Sam. 8:6-9) and his disastrous rule is not due to the kingship, but rather to the neglect of God’s will in choosing a king.  David was a man after God’s heart, and his rule had God’s full blessing.

 

       Week 12

Mon  Jud. 1-5

Tue  Jud. 6-8

Wed  Jud. 9-12

Thu  Jud. 13-17

Fri  Jud. 18-21

 

 

Look for:

·   The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord

·   The anger of the Lord burned against Israel

·   The Lord raised up judges

·   The Lord will rule over you

·   Tell me the secret of your great strength

 

 

Short Readings:

Jud. 2

Jud. 4:1-16

Jud. 7:1-23

Jud. 11

Jud. 16:4-31

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Heb. 12

Heb. 13

Gal. 1

Gal. 2

Gal. 3

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Judges – A Reader’s Guide

Judges records some 300 years of Israel’s history from the death of Joshua to the birth of Samuel.  In this book, a judge is not a civil judicial official that makes and interprets laws; a judge is a deliverer:  “The Lord raised up judges, who delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them” (Jud. 2:16).

Organization

Judges tells the dark story of tragic cycles in Israel’s history:  (1) Sin, in which Israel turns away from God; (2) Punishment, in which God lets their enemies oppress them; (3) Sorrow and supplication, in which they repent and cry out to God; (4) Deliverance, in which God sends a judge to deliver them and give rest.  This dark cycle is repeated 7 times.  Judges may be organized as follows:

1.  Israel’s partial conquests of Canaan, and a reiteration of the death of Joshua (Jud. 1:1-2:10)

2.  History of the judges (Jud. 2:11-16:31)

  • Repeated cycles of history (2:11-23)
  • 7 cycles in which God raises up 13 judges to deliver Israel (3-16)
    • Oppression by Mesopotamia, deliverance by Othniel (3:8-11)
    • Oppression by Moab, deliverance by Ehud (3:12-30)
    • Attack of Philistia, deliverance by Shagmar (3:31)
    • Oppression of Canaan, deliverance by Deborah (4-5)
    • Oppression by Midian, deliverance by Gideon (6-8), deliverance by Abimelech (9), deliverance by Tola (10:1-2), deliverance by Jair (10:3-5)
    • Oppression by Ammon, deliverance by Jephthah (10:6-12:7), deliverance by Ibzan (12:8-10), deliverance by Elon (12:11-12), deliverance by Abdon (12:13-15)
    • Oppression by Philistia, deliverance by Samson (13-16)

3.  Examples of corruption and wickedness in Israel (Jud. 17-21)

  • The public practice of idolatry in the land (17-18)
  • A woman of Judah is brutalized and the resulting civil war (19-21)

Author and Date

No author is given for Judges.  The Jewish Talmud attributes the book to the prophet Samuel.  Since it speaks of the Jebusites occupying Jerusalem (Jud. 1:21), Judges is likely written before 1003 B.C., the 7th year of king David’s reign (see 2 Sam. 5:6).  The book states repeatedly that there was no king in Israel (see Jud. 8:22-23; 17:6; 18:1; 19:1; 21:25), indicating Judges was probably written after Israel established a monarchy (1050 B.C.).  It is likely that the book is written around 1035 B.C., shortly before Samuel’s death.

Key Passage

“In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes” (Jud. 21:25, also see 17:6).

Pointing to Christ

There are no prophecies of Christ in Judges.  The book is important in tracing the history of Israel, God’s nation that brought the Christ.  Four of the Judges are listed as great men of faith in Hebrews 11:32.

 

       Week 11

Mon  Josh. 1-6

Tue  Josh. 7-10

Wed  Josh. 11-15

Thu  Josh. 16-21

Fri  Josh. 22-24

 

 

Look for:

·   Be strong and very courageous

·   Water from upstream stopped flowing

·   I have delivered Jericho into your hands

·   Give me this mountain

·   Choose who you will serve

 

 

Short Readings:

Josh. 1-2

Josh. 3-4

Josh. 6-7

Josh. 14:6-15

Josh. 24

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Heb. 7

Heb. 8

Heb. 9

Heb. 10

Heb. 11

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Joshua – A Reader’s Guide

Deuteronomy ends with Israel ready to enter the land of Canaan, and Joshua appointed to succeed Moses as leader.  The book of Joshua tells of Israel entering Canaan, conquering the land, and settling in the land of Canaan.

The book is organized as follows:

1.  Preparing to enter Canaan (Josh. 1:1-5:12)

  • God commissions Joshua as leader (1:1-9)
  • Joshua prepares Israel to enter the land (1:10-18)
  • Spying Jericho (2)
  • Crossing the Jordan River (3-4)
  • Those born in the wilderness are circumcised; Passover kept (5:1-12)

2.  Conquest of Canaan (Josh. 5:13-12:24)

  • Fall of Jericho (5:13-6:27)
  • Exposure of sin, and defeat of Ai (7-8:29)
  • Blessings and curses at Mt. Ebal and Mt. Gerizim (8:30-35)
  • Conquest of southern Canaan (9-10)
  • Conquest of northern Canaan (11:1-15)
  • Summary of wars and conquests (11:16-12:24)

3.  Settling in Canaan (Josh. 13-24)

  • God orders the land to be divided among the tribes of Israel (13:1-8)
  • Division of the land of Canaan (13:9-21:45)
  • Reuben, Gad and Manasseh return to land east of Jordan (22)

4.  Joshua’s farewell address and death (23-24)

  • Joshua commends and warns Israel (23)
  • Joshua renews the covenant with Israel to serve God (24:1-28)
  • Death of Joshua, and closing matters (24:29-33)

Author and Date

The book of Joshua does not state who wrote it, but Jewish tradition regards Joshua as the writer.  The pronouns “we” and “us” in Josh. 5:1, 6 support this view.  When the Israel pledges obedience to God at the close of Joshua’s life, Joshua 24:26 records “Joshua wrote these words in the Book of the law of God.”  Joshua’s death (24:29-33) and other events which took place after Joshua’s time (15:13-17) were no doubt added by a later writer/editor.

The book covers about 27 years from crossing Jordan to the death of Joshua and was written in 1380 B.C. just prior to Joshua’s death.

Key Passage

“I will give you every place where you set your foot, as I promised Moses” (Josh. 1:3, compare Josh. 21:43-45)

Pointing to Christ

There are no prophesies of Christ in Joshua.  The book tells the story of the Jesus by relating how God gave the land of Canaan to the nation of Israel, which brings the Christ.  It also tells the story of Rahab, the Canaanite prostitute from Jericho, who later is listed in the ancestry of Jesus (Mt. 1:5), and is considered a great woman of faith (Heb. 11:31; James 2:25).

 

       Week 10

Mon  Deut. 15-19

Tue  Deut. 20-25

Wed  Deut. 26-28

Thu  Deut. 29:1-31:29

Fri  Deut. 31:30-34:12;
Ps. 90
-91

 

 

Look for:

·   You shall consecrate to the Lord your God

·   Your God will be with you

·   Observe them with all your heart and soul

·   Secret things belong to the Lord our God

·   No prophet has risen in Israel like Moses

 

 

Short Readings:

Deut. 15

Deut. 29

Deut. 31:1-12

Deut. 34

Ps. 90

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Heb. 2

Heb. 3

Heb. 4

Heb. 5

Heb. 6

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Deuteronomy – Author and Date

Moses is the writer of Deuteronomy.  The book states that Moses wrote it (Deut. 31:9, 26), and his words are recorded throughout the book (1:1; 4:44; 29:1).  Jesus attributes the book to Moses (Mt. 19:7; Mk. 7:10; 10:3).  The account of Death of Moses (34:1-12) is likely written by another author – probably Joshua.

The only date given in the book is “the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month” after Israel leaves Egypt (Deut. 1:3).  Israel crosses the Jordan River into Canaan on the 10th day of the first month of the 41st year (Josh. 4:19), only 70 days later.  Since Israel mourns the death of Moses 30 days (Deut. 34:8), and it takes a week or more to spy the walled city of Jericho, and prepare to cross the flooded Jordan (see Josh. 1:1; 2:1-2, 22; 3:1-2), Moses’ sermons which compose the book of Deuteronomy must be delivered in  the last month prior to his death.

Moses writes Deuteronomy about 1410 B.C.  Moses is 120 years old when he writes the book just as the 40 years in the wilderness is ending and Israel prepares to enter Canaan (Deut. 31:2).

Pointing to Christ

Moses makes a wonderful declaration which points to Jesus, “The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your fellow Israelites.  You must listen to him” (Deut. 18:15).  He further writes that God revealed to him, “I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their fellow Israelites, and I will put my words in his mouth.  He will tell them everything I command him.  I myself will call to account anyone who does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name” (Deut. 18:17-19).  The New Testament clearly states that Jesus is that prophet (Acts 3:22-23; 7:37).

Jesus declares that Moses wrote about him:  “If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me” (Jn. 5:46).  After his resurrection “He said to them, ‘This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms’” (Lk. 24:44).

Why Moses Could Not Enter Canaan

Moses delivers the sermons in Deuteronomy knowing that the people of Israel will soon enter Canaan, but that he will not.  However, God has previously said that Moses and his brother Aaron (the High Priest) could not enter Canaan because of a sin which they had previously committed (Numb. 20:12).

In the first month of the 40th year after leaving Egypt (Numb. 20:1), in response to Israel complaints about not having water, God instructs Moses and Aaron to speak to a rock in the presence of the people, and the rock will give water.  Moses, apparently losing his patience, speaks harshly to the people and strikes the rock twice with his rod.  Water pours from the rock, but God punishes Moses and Aaron because they added to his commandment.  He tells them they cannot enter the promised land (Numb. 20:1-13).  Accordingly, Aaron dies some five months later (see Numb. 33:38; 20:28).  Later, as Moses ends his sermons to Israel in Deuteronomy, God calls him to the top of Mr. Nebo where he allows Moses to see Canaan in the distance; and there Moses dies (Deut. 32:48-52) because you did not uphold my holiness among the Israelites.  Therefore, you will see the land only from a distance; you will not enter the land I am giving to the people of Israel” (Deut.  32:51-52).

God is no respecter of persons.  Moses and Aaron had to die in the wilderness along with the rest of the older generation which had sinned there.

Read With Me – Week 9

 

       Week 9

Mon  Num. 30-32; Deut. 2-3

Tue  Num. 33-36

Wed  Deut. 1:1-18; Deut. 4-5

Thu  Deut. 6-9

Fri  Deut. 10-14

 

 

Look for:

·   These are the journeys of the sons of Israel

·   None who came out of Egypt shall see the land

·   The Lord commanded through Moses

·   It is a stubborn people

·   A blessing and a curse

 

 

Short Readings:

Num. 33

Deut. 1

Deut. 5-6

Deut. 8

Deut. 11

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Acts 25

Acts 26

Acts 27

Acts 28

Heb. 1

 

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Deuteronomy – A Reader’s Guide

The last of the Five Books of Moses is a book of four sermons or discourses delivered over the span of a month by Moses at the end of his career as Israel’s leader, lawgiver and prophet.  Deuteronomy means “second law.”  Moses first delivered the Law at Mt. Sinai to the generation of Israel that came out of Egypt.  Now, 40 years later, a new generation has grown up who had either been children (under the age of 20) or were not yet born when the Law was given at Mt. Sinai.  Now Moses once again delivers God’s Law for this new generation that will soon enter the Promised Land, the Land of Canaan.

Organization

The key message of the book is to remind Israel of the nation’s history and to call them to live faithful to God in the new land.

As Leviticus is addressed particularly to the priests, Deuteronomy speaks to the people, to their hearts; giving everyday applications and explanations that are not found anywhere else in the Old Testament.  This is why Deuteronomy is directly quoted at least 47 times in the New Testament.  Deuteronomy may be divided into four general parts:

1.  Survey of Israel’s past (1:1-4:43)

  • Review of Israel’s sin which caused them to remain 40 years in the wilderness (1)
  • God’s faithful guidance in the wilderness (2-3)
  • Exhortation to obey the Lord (4:1-14); shun idols (4:15-31); live faithful to God (4:32-40); establish cities of refuge (4:41-43)

2.  Survey of God’s Law Israel must obey (4:44-26:19)

  • Repeat the 10 Commandments (4:44-5:33)
  • Practical explanation of God’s Law (6-11)
  • The code of religious, civil and social laws Israel is to obey (12-26)

3.  Living in the Promised Land (27-30)

  • Renewing the Covenant after entering Canaan (27:1-26)
  • Blessings of obedience (28:1-14)
  • Curses of disobedience (28:15-68)
  • Call to faithfulness (29:1-30:20)

4.  Moses’ farewell address and death (31-34)

  • Final charge to Israel, commending them to God’s care (31:1-6)
  • Joshua appointed to succeed Moses as leader (31:7-8)
  • Moses completes writing the Book of the Law; it is placed into the Ark of the Covenant (31:9-29)
  • Moses composes a prophetic song (31:30-32:43)
  • Final charge and blessing (32:44-33:29)
  • Moses surveys Canaan, dies and is buried by the Lord (34)

Key Passage

“Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord: And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might” (Deut. 6:4-5).

Jesus declares this to be the first and greatest of all commandments (Mt. 22:37-38).

Read With Me – Week 8

 

       Week 8

Mon  Num. 9-12

Tue  Num. 13-14;
Deut. 1:19-46

Wed  Num. 15:1-20:13

Thu  Num. 20:14-24:25

Fri  Num. 25-29

 

 

Look for:

·   The anger of the Lord burned against them

·   You shall not enter

·   Fire from the Lord

·   Aaron will be gathered to his people

·   A second census of Israel

 

 

Short Readings:

Num. 9:15-23

Num. 13-14

Num. 16-17

Num. 20:1-13, 22-29

Num. 21:4-9

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Acts 20

Acts 21

Acts 22

Acts 23

Acts 24

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Griping and Complaining

As Moses leads Israel toward the promised land, at least 9 times the people gripe and complain against God and/or Moses (Num. 11:1, 11:4, 12:1, 14:2, 16:1, 16:41, 17:12-13, 20:2-3, 21:5).  Referring to these events, the New Testament warns: “[Do not] complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer.  Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition” (1 Cor. 10:10-11).

Unfaithful Spies

At the border of Canaan, at God’s instruction, Moses chooses a man from each of the 12 tribes, and sends them to spy out Canaan.  After 40 days they return and give an “evil report.”  The land flows with milk and honey, but the cities are great and the people are strong and there are giants there who make us look like grasshoppers by comparison.  10 spies lament “We are not able to go up against the people.”  Caleb and Joshua are the only two who cry, “Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it” (Num. 13:30).

The people listen to the faithless spies, crying in despair, “Why has the Lord brought us to this land to fall by the sword, that our wives and children should become victims?  Would it not be better for us to return to Egypt?” (14:3).  Because of their faithlessness, God sentences Israel to wander in the wilderness 40 years – one year for each day the spies spent in Canaan, and those originally numbered in the census will die in the wilderness.  At this decree from God, the people change their mind and try to go in and take the land, but it is too late.  They are soundly defeated.

The Sin of Moses and Aaron

In the wilderness of Zin, Israel again complains because there is no water.  God tells Moses and Aaron to speak to a certain rock in the presence of the people, and the rock will give water.  Moses, apparently losing his patience, speaks harshly to the people and strikes the rock twice with his rod.  Even though water gushes from the rock, God punishes Moses and Aaron because they did not honor him and added to his commandment, and tells them they will not enter the promised land (20:1-13).

A New Generation

The book of Numbers highlights Israel’s checkered history of doubt and unfaithfulness during the 40 years in the wilderness.  In the beginning of Numbers, Moses takes a census of the fighting men of Israel (Num. 1); 39 years later, he takes a second census (Num. 26).  The number of men counted both times is essentially the same, 600,000 fighting men.  However, “Not one of them was among those counted by Moses and Aaron the priest when they counted the Israelites in the Desert of Sinai.  For the Lord had told those Israelites they would surely die in the wilderness, and not one of them was left except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun” (Num. 26:64-65).

This fulfills God’s decree that those who did not have faith in God would not enter into the Promised Land.  This is why they remain in the wilderness 40 years until the entire generation that had been delivered from bondage in Egypt died in the wilderness.

In reflecting upon the faithlessness of Israel, the writer of Hebrews admonishes “Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God” (Heb. 3:12).

Read With Me – Week 7

 

       Week 7

Mon  Lev. 16-18

Tue  Lev. 19-22

Wed  Lev. 23-24, 26-27

Thu  Num. 1-3

Fri  Num. 4-6

 

 

Look for:

·   The Most Holy Place

·   The Lord said to Moses

·   If you follow my decrees

·   A census of Israel

·   The law of the Nazirite

 

 

Short Readings:

Lev. 11:44-45, 19:2, 20:7, 26, 21:8

Num. 1:1-4, 44-54

Num. 3:1-13

Num. 4:46-49

Num. 6:22-27

 

 

New Testament –
1 Chapter a Day:

Acts 15

Acts 16

Acts 17

Acts 18

Acts 19

 

 

Click on verse references to read online at www.biblegateway.com

 

 

Read With Me – A Chronological Bible Reading Program

 

For more information and additional resources go to Read With Me online blog at

www.gvayers.wordpress.com

Numbers – A Reader’s Guide

The fourth of the Five Books of Moses is the sequel to the historical narrative of Exodus.  Numbers relates the history of Israel’s 40 years in the wilderness.  The book gets its name from the two times a census (or “numbering”) is taken:  the first in chapter 1, and the second about 39 years later in chapter 26.  Numbers shows God’s patience, longsuffering and protection.  It documents Israel’s complaining, unbelief and rebellion, as well as God’s wrath, forgiveness and salvation.

Organization

The key message of Numbers is God’s call to faithfulness.  The book opens at Sinai in the second year after leaving Egypt, and closes at the threshold of entering Canaan.  Numbers may be briefly outlined as follows:

1.  Preparing to leave Mt. Sinai (Num. 1:1-10:10)

  • A census is taken (1:1–4:49)
  • Other preparations (5:1–10:10)

2.  Journey from Mt. Sinai to the Plains of Moab (Num. 10:11–21:35)

  • Israel complains; Miriam and Aaron oppose Moses (10:11–12:16)
  • Spies explore Canaan; Israel is afraid to enter Canaan because of the “evil report” of the unfaithful spies (13:1–14:45)
  • Israel wanders 40 years in the wilderness until the faithless generation is consumed (15:1–19:22)
  • Moses sins at Kadesh and cannot enter Canaan (20:1-13)
  • Israel passes through hostile territory (20:14–21:35)

4.  Preparing to enter Canaan (Num. 22:1–36:13)

  • Moab and Balaam (22:1–25:18)
  • A second census is taken (26:1–27:11)
  • Joshua is chosen to succeed Moses (27:12-23)
  • Instructions about offerings and feasts (28:1–30:16)
  • Israel takes vengeance on the Midianites (31:1-54)
  • Israel on the plains of Moab, preparing to enter Canaan (32:1-36:13)

Author and Date

Moses is the writer of Numbers.  Approximately 80 times, the book states “The Lord spoke to Moses.”  Numbers 33:2 notes that Moses kept a detailed record of “the stages in their journey.”  Moses wrote Numbers at the end of Israel’s wilderness wandering just before his death around the year 1407 B.C.

Key Passage

“In this wilderness your bodies will fall—every one of you twenty years old or more who was counted in the census and who has grumbled against me.  Not one of you will enter the land I swore with uplifted hand to make your home, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun” (Num. 14:29-30).

Pointing to Christ

The brass serpent in the wilderness (Num. 21:4-9) foreshadows Christ’s crucifixion (Jn. 3:14-15).  The daily manna pictures Jesus as the “bread of life” (Jn. 6:32-40).  Balaam prophesied of a star of Jacob (Num. 24:17).  Water from the rock points to Christ (1 Cor. 10:4).